Karnataka Produces Second-Largest Ph.D.’s
According to the All India Survey for Higher Education 2019 by the HRD ministry, Government of India, Karnataka produces the second largest number of PhDs in the country.
The survey shows that 5,020 PhDs were awarded in 2018, of which 1,821 were for women.
Tamil Nadu tops the list with 5,844 PhDs, and Uttar Pradesh stands third with 3,996. The total number of students awarded PhD-level degrees in India last year was 40,813 out of which 23,765 boys and 17,048 girls.
The other states with the highest number of PhDs are Assam (3,676), Andhra Pradesh (2,615), Rajasthan (1,913) and West Bengal (1,898). In Tamil Nadu, Haryana, Kerala, Rajasthan, Punjab and Himachal, women outran men in securing PhDs.
The high number of PhDs in Karnataka doesn’t come as a surprise. The state has the third-highest number of colleges, after Uttar Pradesh and Maharashtra.
Karnataka Produces Second-Largest Ph.D.’s- Bengaluru Urban has most colleges in India
The college density in Bangalore Urban is 53. College density is the number of colleges per lakh eligible population in the 18-23 age group. The National College Density average stands at 28.
Bangalore Urban district has the most colleges in the country- 880, followed by Jaipur with 566 colleges.
With research, a critical factor in improving their position in national and global rankings, universities have been pushing for research activities on campus. Some deemed universities have cut fee for international students to pursue Ph.D. and increased their stipend.
Karnataka Produces Second-Largest Ph.D.’s- The History
Prof S Sadagopan said IIIT-B director said that Karnataka has a culture of promoting science, arts, and culture. He attributed this to the Legendary Scientists such as C.V. Raman and also Mysore rulers for propagating the idea of research.
Despite a large number of colleges, the gross enrollment ratio in Karnataka remains at 29, marginally higher than the national average of 26.3.
The ratio records the number of eligible students in an age bracket enrolling for a course. Tamil Nadu has an enrollment ratio of 49. The Indian state of Kerala and Maharashtra have 37 and 32, respectively. Some of the states with better ratio are Sikkim (54), Delhi, and Puducherry (46 each), Himachal Pradesh (40) and Uttarakhand (39).